Profile
 
  Lucena Hymn
Philgeps
Physical Features

Location 
Bounded on the north and northeast by the Municipality of Pagbilao, on the south and southeast by the Tayabas Bay, on the southwest by the Municipality of Sariaya, and on the northwest by the Municipality of Tayabas, Lucena City at the southeastern part of Quezon Province is approximately 137 kilometers southeast of Manila via the Philippine-Japan Friendship Highway.

Land Area 
The land area of Lucena is 8,316.90 hectares. About 2% of the total land area of Lucena belongs to the 11 urban barangays or poblacion. More than half of the total land area is devoted to agriculture. The City has grown rapidly into a major urban community in the center of an agricultural economy. A vast portion of the once flourishing coconut plantation is now converted into residential subdivisions.

Existing land use as of December 2006 (click to expand)
 
in has. %
BUILT UP AREAS
RESIDENTIAL 1,240.29 14.91%
COMMERCIAL 105.06 1.26%
INDUSTRIAL 46.62 0.56%<
INSTITUTIONAL 84.69 1.02%
Educational 30.95
Hospital 4.20
Charitable 2.94
Religious 4.28
Government 23.44
Military/Protective Services 18.88
INFRASTRUCTURE 393.74 4.73%
Roads 324.34
Bridges 0.83
Railways 44.90
Landing Strip 13.60
Ports 10.07
FUNCTIONAL OPEN SPACES 34.94 0.42%
Parks and Playgrounds 6.50
Athletic Field 1.68
Cemetery 21.31
Dumpsite 5.45
Sub-total 1,905.34 22.91%
AGRICULTURAL AREAS
RICE 2,424.73 29.15%
Irrigated 2,023.82
Unirrigated 400.91
COCONUT 2,989.94 35.95%
CROPS/VEGETABLES/FRUITS 12.58 0.15%
OPEN GRASS/PASTURE LAND 24.83 0.30%
FISHPONDS 385.77 4.64%
MANGROVE 94.50 1.14%
SWAMPY/MARSHLAND 147.73 1.78%
RIVERS/CREEKS/SHORELINE 331.50 3.99%
Sub-total 6,411.58 77.09%
TOTAL 8,316.92 100.00%


Political Subdivision 
Lucena City is composed of 33 barangays, 11 of which are classified as urban; 6 as sub-urban, 11 as rural and 5 as coastal barangays.

Topography 
Lucena is situated on a flat terrain with slightly rolling hills. The greatest part of the land has a slope of 0 to 3%. Slope of 10 to 20% comprise only a little portion of the land. Nine rivers and six creeks serve as natural drainage for the city. The City is wedged between two big rivers, the Dumacaa River in the eastern part, which abounds with boulders, and Iyam River in the west which has an abundant deposit of gravel and sand. There are few marshes along the seacoast, because most of them have been converted into fishponds.

Climate 
The climate in Lucena is characterized as no dry season with a pronounced maximum rain period. The maximum rain period occurs from October to January (for 33 year record of rainfall). The average annual precipitation is 349.44 mm. Temperature ranges from 17.5 degrees Centigrade to 35 degrees Centigrade. The average sea level pressure is 1009.65 millibars.

Soil Fertility 
There are six soil types in the city, namely: Guadalupe Clay Loam, Ibaan Loam, Ibaan Silty Clay Loam, Buguey Loamy Sand, Macolod Clay Loam, and the Hydrosoil. Of these six types, five could be planted with different crops, including coconut and rice varieties. The Buguey Loamy Sand yields the highest for coconut trees at 3,400 nuts per hectare per year. The Ibaan Loam yields the highest average for rice ranging from 30 to 50 cavans per hectare. The hydrosoil found along the city coasts could be planted with mangrove and nipa. A great portion of these areas is submerged at high tide. Other portions have been converted into fishponds.

Soil Types Distribution by Land Area

Guadalupe Clay Loam 1,747.60
Ibaan Loam 626.20
Ibaan Silt Clay Loam 818.60
Buguey Loamy Sand 643.10
Macolod Clay Loam 3,829.30
Hydrosoil 652.10
Total 8,316.90

NATURAL RESOURCES 

Hydrological and Ecological Condition Generally, the soil and atmosphere conditions, temperature, light, water, (except in some barangays where the water facilities are not satisfactory) and other geological factors in Lucena, form a favolrable environment, which provides conditions suitable for the maintenance of life and for carrying its activities.

Forestry Although Lucena has no more forest zone, there is a three-hectare man-made forest known as the Botanical Garden within the compound of the Enverga University Foundation site. The City also maintains a one-half hectare Ecology Park at Brgy. Isabang.

Fishery and Aquatic Resources Tayabas Bay is one of the excellent fishing grounds in Quezon Province. In 1996, Lucena City had a recorded quantity of fish caught be commercial fishing vessels totaling to 11,841,180 kgs.; 14,933,641 kgs. in 1997; and 12,919,155 kgs. in 1998 and 122,800,266 kgs. in 1999.

 

 
Copyright © 2010 City Government of Lucena in Cooperation with Qtech BSI.