Lucena City is the capital of Quezon Province. It lies approximately 137 kilometers from Manila and can be reached by land via the Maharlika Highway. Lucena covers approximately 84.03 square kilometers or 8,402.66 hectares. This represents 9.6 percent of the province and 1.15 percent of the 2nd district’s total land areas.
The City is a vibrant community with a mixed culture as a large number of migrants come and go either to permanently settle or do business. It is the only Highly Urbanized City in the Calabarzon region which makes it a fast flourishing urban community and Economic Zone.
Lucena is bounded on the north and northeast by the Municipality of Pagbilao, on the south and southeast by the Tayabas Bay, on the southwest by the Municipality of Sariaya, and on the northwest by the City of Tayabas.
Lucena City is generally on a flat to moderate terrain being at the outskirt of Mt. Banahaw and along the coastal plains of Tayabas Bay with an elevation of 22 meters above sea level.
The city is situated on a flat terrain with slightly rolling hills. Most of the land area has a slope of zero to three percent (0 - 3%) level to lightly slope. Slope of ten to twenty percent (10 – 20 %) comprises very small portions of the land.
The City is wedged between two (2) big rivers, the Dumacaa River in the eastern part and the Iyam River in the western part of the City. A total of eleven (11) rivers and nine (9) creeks serve as natural drainage for the city.
The City of Lucena, imbued with strong and moral leadership, God-loving and empowered citizenry envisions to be the premier city in Southern Tagalog providing sustainable development, creating opportunities for socio-economic, agro-industrial and technological growth, ensuring a peaceful and safe environment and improving the quality of life of its people.
The City Government of Lucena shall uphold honest and transparent governance, boost investment opportunities, improve the quality of health and education, create employment through establishment of technological and agro-industries, ensure protection and sustainability of the environment, and promote peace and order that will uplift the Lucenahins' quality of life.
The Province of Tayabas (now Quezon) was explored by Captain Juan de Salcedo in 1571 and 1572. The town of Tayabas was founded by the Franciscan fathers, Juan de Plasencia and Diego de Oropesa between 1580 and 1583, with Lucena as one of its barrios. The Spaniards in the 16th century called the present site of the city “Buenavista”, because of its awe-inspiring scenic beauty. Years later, the name was changed to “Oroquieta”. In the 17th century, it was called “Cotta”, because forts or cottas were built to defend the place from occasional Muslim piratical raids. Finally, on November 5, 1879, the Orden Real Superior Civil officially adopted the name “Lucena” in honor of a Spanish friar named Fr. Mariano Granja, who was said to have earlier served in Lucena in Andalucia, Spain. Fr. Granja was responsible for the development of the barrio, which became a parish in 1881. Lucena became an independent municipality on June 1, 1882.
During the Philippine Revolution in 1886, the capitan municipal of Lucena, Jose Zaballero, led the local revolutionists. However, a revolutionary government was organized in Lucena by Manuel Arguelles, with Jose Barcelona as president.
After Philippine Independence was proclaimed on June 12, 1898 at Kawit, Cavite, General Malvar, as commanding general for Southern Luzon, took over Tayabas Province on August 15, 1898 Don Gregorio Marquez then became Lucena’s first elected president under the Revolutionary Government of General Emilio Aguinaldo.
Lucena was the site of bloody struggles between the Filipinos and the Americans at the outbreak of the Fiipino-American War in 1899. On March 12, 1901, after the Americans established a civil government in the country, the provincial capital was transferred from Tayabas to Lucena.
During the Second World War, the Japanese Imperial Forces occupied Lucena on December 27, 1941. The underground resistance movement was so active in Lucena that by January 25, 1945, the Hunters ROTC guerrillas advanced to Lucena and succeeded in driving the Japanese out of the town. Quezon Province was formally liberated by the American Liberation Forces on April 4, 1945.
On June 17, 1961, by virtue of Republic Act No. 3271, Lucena was made into a Chartered City through the efforts of the late Congressman Manuel S. Enverga and Congressman Pascual Espinosa. Three decades later, on July 1, 1991, Lucena became a Highly Urbanized City based on Batas Pambansa Bilang 337 (Local Government Code of 1983).
Bounded on the north and northeast by the Municipality of Pagbilao, on the south and southeast by the Tayabas Bay, on the southwest by the Municipality of Sariaya, and on the northwest by the Municipality of Tayabas, Lucena City at the southeastern part of Quezon Province is approximately 137 kilometers southeast of Manila via the Philippine-Japan Friendship Highway.
The land area of Lucena is 8,402.66 hectares.
Lucena City is composed of 33 urban barangays, 5 of which are coastal barangays.
Lucena is situated on a flat terrain with slightly rolling hills. The greatest part of the land has a slope of 0 to 3%. Slope of 10 to 20% comprise only a little portion of the land. Nine rivers and six creeks serve as natural drainage for the city. The City is wedged between two big rivers, the Dumacaa River in the eastern part, which abounds with boulders, and Iyam River in the west which has an abundant deposit of gravel and sand. There are few marshes along the seacoast, because most of them have been converted into fishponds.
Climate in the Philippines is classified into four (4) types depending on the characteristics of rainfall received in various places during the different months of the year. The climate in Lucena City is classified as type III climate based on modified corona classification. It is characterized by no dry season with a pronounced maximum rain periods that occurs from October to January.
In 2014, temperature ranged from 18.3 to 33.7 degrees centigrade. Percentage water vapor in the air ranges in monthly values from 78 % to 91. The annual prevailing wind direction in Lucena is in the north eastern direction. The annual wind speed is 20 meters per second (mps). High wind speed occurs in December while low wind speed happens in April to September. The highest extreme wind speed of 57 mps going to south western direction was recorded on June 1987.
There are six soil types in the city, namely: Guadalupe Clay Loam, Ibaan Loam, Ibaan Silty Clay Loam, Buguey Loamy Sand, Macolod Clay Loam, and the Hydrosoil. Of these six types, five could be planted with different crops, including coconut and rice varieties. The Buguey Loamy Sand yields the highest for coconut trees at 3,400 nuts per hectare per year.
Buguey Loamy Sand 643.10 has.
Guadalupe Clay Loam 1,747.60 has.
Ibaan Loam 626.20 has.
Ibaan Silty Clay Loam 818.60 has.
Macolod Clay Loam 3,915.06 has.
Hydrosol 652.10 has.
Total 8,402.66 has.
Hydrological and Ecological Condition Generally, the soil and atmosphere conditions, temperature, light, water, (except in some barangays where the water facilities are not satisfactory) and other geological factors in Lucena, form a favolrable environment, which provides conditions suitable for the maintenance of life and for carrying its activities.
Two forms of fisheries still exist in the city waters - brackish water aquaculture and capture fisheries. Brackish water fishponds are located in Mayao Parada, Salinas, Mayao Castillo, Talao-Talao, Dalahican and Barra where milkfish, prawn, mud crabs and shrimps are cultured.
Fishpond operation in the city exists in seven (7) barangays, namely: Barra, Dalahican, Talao-Talao, Mayao Crossing, Mayao Parada, Mayao Castillo, and Salinas. Fishponds produce mainly bangus and tilapia.
At present, there are very few marshes and swamps in the area since most of them have been converted to fishponds. Swamps and marshland have a combined area of 147.73 hectares. A small number of mangrove swamps with an approximate area of 94 hectares can still be found in Barangay Dalahican, Talao-Talao, Barra, Ransohan, Salinas, Mayao Crossing, Mayao Parada, Mayao Castillo, Ibabang Iyam and Cotta.
|District||2nd District of Quezon|
|Land Area||8,402.66 hectares|
|Total Population||266,248||(2015 Population Census by Philippine Statistics Authority)|
|Population Growth Rate||1.49%|
|Total Number of Registered Voters||as of May 2016||137,886|
|No. of Households||53,178||(2012 Community Base Monitoring System)|
|Total LGU Income||908,136,678.80Php||(December 2012)|
|Local Sourced Revenues||364,267,992.14Php||(40.11%)||External Sourced Revenues||543,868,686.66Php||(59.89%)|
|No. of Schools||Public||Private|
|Elementary Schools||44||44||Junior High||14||24|
The sprawling trade and commercial district of Lucena is nestled among a wide expanse of farm and rice lands and moderately rolling hills of grass and shrubs for pasture. Blessed with fertile soil and abundant supply of water, the city produces sustainable amount of rice, vegetables, root crops and fruits thereby earning for itself the title of an agro-industrial city. It has also a rich fishing ground which supplies fish and other seafoods not only for the City’s consumption but for its neighboring towns’ and provinces’ as well.
Lucena is considered as one of the most important commercial and trading centers of Southern Luzon.
First-timers in the City have surely noticed the busting business activities going on in Lucena every day and the high rise buildings that have literally mushroomed everywhere with in the central business district. These huge buildings are not mere structures meant just for show but actually edifices which house a number of business establishments-shopping malls, boutiques, restaurants and fast food centers sports and recreational facilities, business offices, bargain houses, entertainment venues, supermarts and financial institutions like banks, pawnshops and foreign exchange centers.
|Sales or Retail|
|Other Financial Services||No.|
|Pawnshops with money changer||11|
|Pawnshops with money remittance||4|
|Tourism-Related Facilities Other Services||No.|
• Smoked fish
• Miki production
• Baked products
• Dried fish making
• Bamboo and rattan furniture making
• Balut and salted eggs making
• Wine distillery
• Motor Vehicle manufacturing
The first of May ushers in an air of festive mood for a month-long celebration of various fun-filled happenings in Lucena. On the 15th, farmers all over the City pay tribute to their patron saint, San Isidro de Labrador, in glorious thanksgiving for a year-long bountiful harvest. The celebration is manifested by hanging of all sorts of fruits, candies, food crops and and colored “kiping” that is made out of “giniling na bigas”.
Then comes the Pasayahan sa Lucena. The festival is celebrated annually during the month of May, patterned after a Mardi Gras Festival in Rio de Janeiro with dancing, singing and merrymaking on the street.
Ugat Lucena is celebrated on the eve of the City Fiesta, in commemoration of its original townsfolk who have already settled abroad tracing ones family origin, old friends and neighbors. One sure way of letting them know “there’s no place like home”… their “home sweet home…”
It’s fiesta time on the 30th, highlighted by celebration of the Holy Mass by the Bishop in honor of Saint Ferdinance, the Patron Sain of Lucena.
Fiesta de Luces, a festive celebration highlighting a parade of lights and colors on New Year’s Eve. The merry atmosphere is punctuated by a breath-taking display of kaleidoscopic fireworks while sounds and music pervade the air with euphoric revelry as the City welcomes the New Year.
The historical landmarks found in Lucena are one of those must-see places that do not fail to attract first-comers in the City.
Let a passenger jeepney take you from any point in the City to the century-old St. Ferdinand Cathedral, located right in the heart of the city. Founded on March 1, 1881, the Parish Church of St. Ferdinand Cathedral, was built from May 1882 to July of 1884. On May 24, 1887, the newly built church was gutted down by fire and had to be reconstructed six months after.
Just south of St. Ferdinand, a good five-to-ten minute stroll along the busy Quezon Avenue, is the thick-walled and massive Quezon Provincial Capitol, formerly Tayabas Capitol. This architectural and engineering wonder was built in 1908. However, the building was ravaged during World War II and had to be reconstructed on April 30, 1946.
A stone-throw away, west of Quezon Provincial Capitol, is the only sunken garden in the Philippines – the seven-hectare Lucena Perez Park, an ideal place to while the time and rest after a busy, hard days work.
Southeast of Perez Park is the life-sized, bronze statue of Manuel Luis Quezon, the “Paladin of Philippine Independence” who once served as Municipal Councilor of Dupay, now Ilayang Dupay, in 1903 after which he served as Provincial Governor of the Province of Tayabas, now Quezon, from 1905 to 1907.
A place to commemorate Filipino Heroism. The city government has converted the Bonifacio Drive located inside Pleasantville Subdivision in Barangay Ilayang Iyam in this city, into Heroes’ Lane. The life-size monuments of Andres Bonifacio, Apolinario Mabini, the three martyred priests (Fathers Gomez, Burgos and Zamora) and a statue of Hermana Fausta (regarded as the mother of Lucena City). Can be found here. Ceremonies’ commemorating their martyrdom are done here.
St. Ferdinand Cathedral
Quezon Provincial Capitol Building
Dalahican Fish Port
Dalahican and Talao-Talao Beach Resort
Not too long ago, the Department of Tourism’s Philippine Convention and Visitors Corporation has included the City’s Pasayahan Festival in its tourism calendar. Aside from this, the City has become a regular venue for various seminars, conventions and conferences sponsored by different clubs and agencies from other regions of the country. Hence, while there is a scarcity of tourist destinations in the City, a continuous growth and influx of domestic and foreign tourist arrivals have taken place. Their accommodation is being taken cared by different hotels and lodges located at various accessible places of the City.
Star Garden Tower Hotel
Lucena Fresh Air Hotel
First Quezon Premier Hotel
Queen Margarette Hotel, Inc.
Jisb 14k Corp. Tourist Hotel
Jisb Emperor Hotel
King Alexander Hotel
Castle Bernardina Hotel
Lucena Hotels Inc.
Casa Raliana Hotel And Restaurant
To sum up, the City has eighty-eight (88) elementary schools, Thirty-eight (38) Junior high schools and thirty-one (31) senior high institutions which cater to the educational needs not only of the city students’ populace but those from neighboring towns and provinces as well. Lucena has thus become one of the educational centers in Southern Tagalog. Quality education at affordable cost is the main reason why students from other places prefer to study in the City.
Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation, Inc.
Calayan Educational Foundation, Inc.
St. Anne College Lucena, Inc.
Metro Lucena Integrated Learning Center Inc.
Philippine Tong Ho Institute, Incorporated
Saint Philomena School, Inc.
Children's House A Montessori School Lucena Inc.
Uccp Magill Memorial School Incorporated
Harmony Christian Education Foundation Inc.
Abe International Business College-Quezon Province, Inc.
Holy Rosary Catholic School, Inc.
Chrisville Institute Of Technology, Inc.
Quezon Center For Research And Studies, Inc.
Harvest Of Hope Foundation Inc.
Bristol Integrated School Inc.
La Sapienza Learning Center Inc.
Inter-Global College Foundation, Inc.
Bwest College (Boater's Wheel Educational System And Technology) Inc.
Jubilee Christian Academy Of Lucena City, Inc.
Little Angel's Home Of Learning Inc
Philtech Institute Of Arts And Technology Inc.
St. Augustine School Of Nursing - Lucena City, Inc.
Technical Skills System Of Lucena Inc.
Livingstone Christian Academy Of Lucena, Inc.
Kids On Keyboard Computer Enrichment Center Inc.
Christian Academy Of Lucena City Inc.
Yllana Colleges Of Business And Arts, Inc.
Immanuel Christian Learning Center Of Lucena City, Inc.
Niño Divino Children School, Inc.
Casa Del Niño Jesus De Cotta, Inc.
One In Christ Church School Of Lucena, Inc.
Love And Learn Kiddie School Inc.
Twin Hearts Integrated School Of Lucena City, Inc.
Prime Elite Integrated School Inc.
Lucena Northside Learning Center Inc.
Victorious Language And Technology Center Inc.
Southside Integrated School Inc.